Die unauff lligste Bank der Welt ist gleichzeitig die wichtigste Die Bank f r Internationalen Zahlungsausgleich BIZ , gleich neben dem Basler Bahnhof gelegen, ist nur den wenigsten ein Begriff, und doch steht sie seit ihrer Gr ndung 1930 im Mittelpunkt des globalen Finanzsystems Als Bank der Zentralbanken koordiniert sie die Geldpolitik der wichtigsten Wirtschaftsm chte, verwaltet deren W hrungsreserven und pr gt die globale Finanzarchitektur Doch der Institution fehlt jegliche Rechenschaftspflicht Sie unterliegt nicht der schweizerischen Rechtsprechung und wird durch einen internationalen Vertrag gesch tzt Die Diskussionen, die sie f hrt, sind geheim, und ihre Einlagen sind vor dem staatlichen Zugriff sicher Adam LeBor zeichnet die Geschichte der BIZ detailliert nach, von ihrer zweifelhaften Rolle w hrend des Zweiten Weltkriegs, als sie von den Nazis Raubgold entgegennahm, bis zu ihrer zentralen Funktion beim europ ischen Einigungsprojekt und wirft dabei Fragen auf zur Transparenz des Finanzsystems und zur Art und Weise, wie in unseren Demokratien Macht ausge bt wird....
|Title||:||Der Turm zu Basel: BIZ - Die Bank der Banken und ihre dunkle Geschichte|
|Publisher||:||Rotpunktverlag Auflage 1 7 August 2014|
|Number of Pages||:||344 Seiten|
|File Size||:||984 KB|
|Status||:||Available For Download|
|Last checked||:||21 Minutes ago!|
Der Turm zu Basel: BIZ - Die Bank der Banken und ihre dunkle Geschichte Reviews
Mit großem Staunen betrat ich den Turm zu Basel; ich fand mich in einem Netzwerk, an dessen Aufbau noch während des Krieges 1939-1945 gearbeitet wurde und bis heute gearbeitet wird. Adam LeBor hat ein Fachbuch vorgelegt, dessen Inhalte mehr Spannung vermitteln als ein Kriminalroman. Meine Empfehlung: Gönnen Sie sich diese Lektüre !
"The Tower of Basel" is a most intriguing book. LeBor presents interesting information and covers a lot of ground pertaining to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basel, Switz.It captivates one's attention but one cannot help getting the impression that LeBor is psychocatharting his agitated inner self. He faults everyone and all, both the Nazis and the Allies who did not actively prevent the Holocaust. That is understandable and one fully sympathizes. But, he views all BIS employees and almost everyone not associated with the BIS as culpable in that horrible event. He even regrets, seemingly without being aware of it, that Germany was not totally destroyed and that the Morgenthau Plan to de-industrialize Germany was "watered down" and not fully enacted.He repeats and repeats accusations of complicity to no end to Americans, Brits and French, et al. who supported the BIS or did not do enough to prevent the Holocaust. Yet, when he accuses the BIS of transferring Czech gold to the "Reichsbank", though upon the request of the Czech govt (maybe done under duress), he faults everyone, yet Otto Niemeyer, the British Banker was the Chair of the BIS board when the transfer occurred.He generalizes that the BIS financed the Nazi "war machine", obviously a gross exaggeration to no end leaving out ALL other financing coming from taxes, etc. Ditto for "looted gold" as if ALL gold transferred by the BIS among its member states to Germany was totally looted----again a massive exaggeration, if not largely false.The strangest conceptualization of this book resides in the explicit notion that the post-war economic miracle of Germany and the European unification movement were actually planned already by the Nazis (Walter Funk, et al. even Schacht, somewhat) before and during the war! This is conspiracy belief beyond imagination! Thus, Germany attempts to dominate Europe after WW II through economic power and through the Euro...just silly stuff. (Does he hope the German economy would disappear?) The BIS contributed to these conspiratorial plans in a decisive way.Surely, LeBor should know that the German economic miracle was not the Nazi plan for post-war economic domination, but the result of the educational system and the institutionalization of merit and ethics up and down the German bureaucracies.Throughout the book LeBor is hoping that the BIS would be destroyed and vanish but it always reformulated itself and survived. In the end he hopes that the Euro problems would cause its permanent demise. Though he points out briefly that the BIS did some good here and there, especially its warning and prediction of the subprime mess, he belittles the good and cannot stop demonizing the BIS. Essentially, his book is a massive psychocatharsis which heaps demonization upon demonization onto the BIS as being clubby, conspiratorial, parasitic, self-serving, secretive, non-philanthropic, etc. Jean Monnet and Allen Dulles are "enthusiastic money grabbers" and investment bankers are "thoroughly corrupt."There are a lot of spelling and factual errors such as p. 139 "Shacht" instead of Schacht, p.185 "Nordheim" instead of Nordrhein, p. 189 Kennedy's assassination dated as "Nov. 23rd" instead the 22nd, p. 121 oil industry's dividends of "300 billion," which is just fantastic and he must have meant 300 million, etc.LeBor, though an economic writer, even for The Economist, commits nevertheless grave historical economic errors in his unrelenting effort to demonize the Germany economy. Thus, he says on p. 264 that the German "economic miracles" are always rooted in massive foreign capital injection. That notion clashes with the fact that the Marshall Plan gave the lion share to Br. and France for 4 years. '48-'52 and the lowest amount to Germany and then only for two years, '50-'52, due to the Korean war and the need for Germany as an ally. Germany paid it all back unlike Br. and Fr. On top of that, these three major economies developed in inverse proportion to the amount of Marshall aid received. The aid was used to a surprising extent to subsidize U.S. exports, thus not benefiting that much the receiving economies. How can the Allies facilitate the German economic miracle if Truman pilfered zillions of German patents and distributed them through two Executive Orders in the summer of '45 to U.S.corps. and if German scientists by the thousands were lured into the U.S. on top of dismantling massively G. industries?On p. 152 LeBor falsely states that the Deutsche Mark was imposed by the Allies while in reality Ludwig Erhard introduced it without Allied permission (they were against it!) while the military occupation offices were closed in '48. He also says that in '48 the German economic productivity was higher than in '36 and that is just totally wrong given the fact that the Allies dismantled what was left of the bombed residue German industries for five years after 1945 until, again, the Korean war and Adenauer's request in '51 that the dismantling be stopped. Amazing that the Western Allies view themselves as having wrought the economic miracle at a time when ethnic cleansing and starvation was carried out which caused the death of at least 2.5 million and resettlement of at least 12 millions from the East to the West. Amazing how we view ourselves as having "rebuilt" Japan and West Germany after WW II while we can't even maintain our infrastructure and rebuild efficiently after hurricane Katrina.One could go on and on re this fascinating but strange book which is in some ways a very attractive and informative book with lots of fascinating facts but which regrettably is far too tendentious. Among its few heroes are Einzig, Morgenthau and Harry Dexter White, a Soviet spy.